You've probably heard a lot about Sacramento, but do you know why it's the state's capital? This article answers this question and more. The city is located on the Carquinez Strait, was a gold-rush town, and is home to the Central Pacific Railroad's Central Shops. Let's take a closer look at these points.
Located on the Carquinez Strait
Located on the Carquinez Strait in Northern California, Sacramento is the state's capital city. The region's rivers are the Sacramento and San Joaquin, which has many benefits flow into San Francisco Bay. The Carquinez Strait is an 8-mile-long tidal channel that links Suisun Bay and the joint rivers of San Pablo Bay. Its location on a deep sand sea bottom helped make it a perfect spot for commercial shipping.
Benicia is a town of about 27,000 people located on the northern side of the Carquinez Strait, which connects the waters of the Sacramento and San Joaquin rivers to the tidal waters of the San Francisco Bay. The city's capitol building was the third capital of California. In 1903, the California Blue Book was published. The city has a rich history.
During the Gold Rush
During the Gold Rush, Sacramento California was the largest city in the United States, attracting people from around the country to mine for gold. Many people borrowed money, mortgaged property, and spent their lives on their journey. Women left behind took on new responsibilities, running businesses, and caring for children on their own. During the Gold Rush, thousands of people traveled overland through mountains and on ships. Many of these '49ers died on the way.
As a capital city, Sacramento was a logical choice for a temporary state capital. It was located near the river and the gold fields, but was far enough from the coast to engage economically. By the end of 1849, a total of $2 billion worth of precious metals was extracted from the Sacramento area. Today, Sacramento is considered the state's capital. But before it became the state's capital, it was just a small town surrounded by mountains.
Located at the confluence of the Sacramento River and the American River
Located at the confluence of the mighty American and the Sacramento River, Sacramento is California's capital and sixth largest city. Located in the Sacramento Metropolitan Area, the city is a cultural center and is often listed as one of the most affordable places to visit in California. Old Sacramento harkens back to the gold rush era, with wooden sidewalks and wagon rides.
In 1839, Swiss immigrant John Sutter established Sutter's Fort. Though the confluence was devastating to early residents, it also helped shape the future of Sacramento. The confluence made Sacramento an important distribution point and business center during the California Gold Rush. In 1848, gold was discovered in nearby foothills, turning Sacramento into a mining and trading center.
Home to the Central Pacific Railroad Central Shops
The Sacramento Shops are home to many different types of trains, including passenger cars and freight trains. In 1873, the Central Pacific Railroad opened its doors in Sacramento to begin building the first passenger coach. Each coach took nearly two weeks to build, paint and varnish. The Sacramento Shops also built many private cars for railway officials. For example, the Stanford car, built for Southern Pacific President Leland Stanford in 1883, was the largest passenger car ever built by the railroad. It was furnished in rosewood and included a parlor and dining room.
Car Shop 9 was used for construction of passenger cars. In the early 1950s, this facility built over ten thousand freight cars. From 1951 to 1954, this shop built more than one thousand automobile cars, 1,000 gondolas, and 2,000 boxcars. This facility also worked on the rebuilding of diesel locomotives, which began at the Sacramento Shops in 1969. The program ended in 1997 when the SP merged with the UP. In December 1999, the Sacramento Shops closed, and the last contractors moved to a new facility in Rocklin, California, near the UP's Roseville maintenance facility.
In the heart of Sacramento, California is the historic district, a charming 8-block area. A visitor center and museums showcasing the city's history are nearby, and history tours are available throughout the district. In addition to the museums, you'll find Founders Square, which includes many buildings from the city's past. Whether you're interested in the area's early history, art, or architecture, you'll have a fun time exploring it on foot.
The Old Sacramento CA Historical Foundation manages several programs, including walking tours, historical reenactments, and underground tours. The area also hosts a Gold Rush Day festival, during which the streets are completely covered with tons of dirt. A thorough historic survey of this area is needed to identify the district's most notable buildings for preservation, and to identify areas that can be redeveloped. It is important to note that even if a district lacks a comprehensive plan, many buildings are individually eligible to be designated landmarks in Sacramento.
In addition to the state Capitol building, you'll find plenty of scenic green spaces throughout Sacramento, including memorials, flower gardens, and walking paths. Many are open to the public, and you can easily find a park that suits your needs. Visit the state's largest city park to take a walk, or simply relax in the shade. It is worth the visit! Read on to learn more about Sacramento's parks.
The Sacramento State Park was established in 1869. Grading and enrichment from the Sacramento River made the area perfect for planting. Over eight hundred trees and flowering shrubs were planted, representing a variety of native and exotic species. The park was laid out in Victorian style, and in 1884, an agricultural pavilion was built, which housed State Fair exhibits until 1905. Today, the old site is devoted to displaying native California plants.